Cite textual evidence to support analysis of what a grade-appropriate text says explicitly, as well as to support inferences drawn from the text (RL.1; RI.1)
B. Themes & Central Ideas
Describe how a theme or central idea of a grade-appropriate text is conveyed through details and provide a summary of a grade-appropriate text distinct from personal opinions and judgments (RL.2; RI.2)
C. Story Elements
Describe how a particular grade-appropriate story’s or drama’s plot unfolds in a series of episodes as well as how the characters respond or change as the plot moves toward a resolution (RL.3)
D. Academic Vocabulary & Word Meanings
Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a grade-appropriate text, including technical meanings and gather knowledge when considering a word important to comprehension (RL.4; RI.4)
E. Text Structures & Features
Analyze how a particular sentence, chapter, scene, or stanza fits into the overall structure of a text and contributes to the development of the theme, setting, or plot (RL.5; RI.5)
F. Point of View
Explain how an author develops the point of view of the narrator and how the point of view is conveyed in a grade-appropriate text (RL.6; RI.6)
G. Visual & Auditory Media
Compare/contrast the experience of reading a grade-appropriate story, drama, or poem to listening to or viewing an audio, video, or live version of the text, and interpreting/integrating the information presented in different media formats and how it contributes to the topic or text (RL.7, RI.7, SL.2, SL.5)
H. Historical & Cultural Contexts (2017-18)
SAME AS (I) BELOW: Compare/contrast/analyze one author’s presentation of events (in different forms or genres) in terms of their approaches to similar themes and topics (RL.9; RI.9)
I. Rhetorical Criticism
SAME AS (H) ABOVE: Compare/contrast/analyze one author’s presentation of events (in different forms or genres) in terms of their approaches to similar themes and topics (RL.9; RI.9)
J. Argumentative Writing Write arguments to support claims with clear reasons and relevant evidence (W.1)
Introduce claim(s) and organize the reasons and evidence clearly. (W.4)
Support claim(s) with clear reasons and relevant evidence, using credible sources and demonstrating an understanding of the topic or text.(W.8, W.9)
Use words, phrases, and clauses to clarify the relationships among claim(s) and reasons.
Establish and maintain a formal style
Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from the argument presented.
K. Informative/Explanatory Writing Write informative/explanatory texts to examine a topic and convey ideas, concepts, and information through selection, organization, and analysis of relevant content. (W.2)
Introduce a topic; organize ideas, concepts, and information, using strategies such as definition, classification, comparison/contrast, and cause/effect; include formatting, graphics, and multimedia when useful to aiding comprehension. (W.4)
Develop the topic with relevant facts, definitions, concrete details, quotations, or other information and examples. (W.8; W.9)
Use appropriate transitions to clarify the relationships among ideas and concepts.
Use precise language and domain-specific vocabulary to inform about or explain the topic.
Establish and maintain a formal style
Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from the information or explanation presented.
L. Narrative Writing Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, relevant descriptive details, and well-structured event sequences. (W.3)
Engage and orient the reader by establishing a context and introducing a narrator and/or characters; organize an event sequence that unfolds naturally and logically. (W.4)
Use narrative techniques, such as dialogue, pacing, and description, to develop experiences, events, and/or characters.
Use a variety of transition words, phrases, and clauses to convey sequence and signal shifts from one time frame or setting to another.
Use precise words and phrases, relevant descriptive details, and sensory language to convey experiences and events.
Provide a conclusion that follows from the narrated experiences or events.